The following is a list of the largest cities by population and of capital cities in the geographic region of East Africa. Because population counts in each country occur at different times, the list of numbers is meant as a rough indicator of relative size.

List of cities

CityCountryPopulation (approximate)Year of approximationNotesArea
Addis Ababa Ethiopia3,384,5692008CapitalHorn of Africa
Alexandria Egypt5,200,0002018Nile Valley
Antananarivo Madagascar1,299,0802013[2]CapitalIndian Ocean islands
Asmara Eritrea896,0002018[citation needed]CapitalHorn of Africa
Blantyre Malawi994,5002018Southeast Africa
Bujumbura Burundi1,056,1692019Former capitalEast African Community
Bulawayo Zimbabwe1,200,3372016Southeast Africa
Cairo Egypt19,500,0002018CapitalNile Valley
Dakahlia Egypt6,577,0002018Nile Valley
Dar es Salaam Tanzania4,364,5412012East African Community
Dire Dawa Ethiopia607,3212008[citation needed]Horn of Africa
Djibouti City Djibouti475,3222009CapitalHorn of Africa
Dodoma Tanzania410,9562012CapitalEast African Community
Gharbia Governorate Egypt5,066,0002018Nile Valley
Gitega Burundi125,9892019[3]CapitalEast African Community
Giza Egypt8,800,0002018Nile Valley
Harare Zimbabwe1,606,0002016CapitalSoutheast Africa
Hargeisa Somalia1,200,0002017Second CapitalHorn of Africa
Helwan Egypt1,295,8542010Nile Valley
Juba South Sudan525,9532017CapitalNile Valley
Kampala Uganda1,507,1142014CapitalEast African Community
Keren Eritrea146,4832012Horn of Africa
Khartoum Sudan1,974,647CapitalNile Valley
Kigali Rwanda1,132,6862012CapitalEast African Community
Kisumu Kenya1,268,8262017East African Community
Kitwe Zambia522,0922010Southeast Africa
Lilongwe Malawi1,227,1002018CapitalSoutheast Africa
Lusaka Zambia1,742,9792009CapitalSoutheast Africa
Malakal South Sudan147,4502014Nile Valley
Mamoudzou Mayotte71,4372017CapitalIndian Ocean islands
Maputo Mozambique1,101,1702017CapitalSoutheast Africa
Mbarara Uganda195,0132014East African Community
Mogadishu Somalia2,425,0002017CapitalHorn of Africa
Mombasa Kenya1,500,0002017East African Community
Muhanga Rwanda87,6132015East African Community
Moroni Comoros54,0002011[citation needed]CapitalIndian Ocean islands
Mutsamudu Comoros25,4712010Indian Ocean islands
Muyinga Burundi100,7152012East African Community
Mwanza Tanzania706,5432012East African Community
Nairobi Kenya6,448,3422017CapitalEast African Community
Ngozi Burundi860002017Southeast Africa
Omdurman Sudan1,200,000Nile Valley
Port Louis Mauritius149,1942015CapitalIndian Ocean islands
Qalyubia Egypt5,703,0002018Nile Valley
Saint-Denis Réunion146,9852015CapitalIndian Ocean islands
Saint-Paul Réunion104,6462015Indian Ocean islands
Sharkia Egypt1,340,0602010Nile Valley
Victoria Seychelles26,4502010CapitalIndian Ocean islands