In recent years the Government of Egypt has given greater priority to improving the education system. According to the Human Development Index (HDI), Egypt is ranked 115 in the HDI, and 9 in the lowest 10 HDI countries in the Middle East and Northern Africa, in 2014. With the help of the World Bank and other multilateral organizations Egypt aims to increase access in early childhood to care and education and the inclusion of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) at all levels of education, especially at the tertiary level. The government is responsible for offering free education at all levels. The current overall expenditure on education is about 12.6 percent as of 2007. Investment in education as a percentage of GDP rose to 4.8 in 2005 but then fell to 3.7 in 2007. The Ministry of Education is also tackling a number of issues: trying to move from a highly centralized system to offering more autonomy to individual institutions, thereby increasing accountability.
Egypt has the largest overall education system in the Middle East and North Africa and it has grown rapidly since the early 1990’s. Egypt has announced a US$5.87 billion higher education plan – to run in two phases from 2014 to 2022 and including 61 initiatives – aimed at producing more market-ready graduates and promoting a knowledge-based economy. The plan for Higher Education includes creating five new universities a year.
The state universities employ 70,497 academics to teach more than 2.11 million undergraduate and postgraduate students. To meet Egypt’s higher education challenges, the Plan for Higher Education includes 61 projects and initiatives covering 12 higher education fields. It will be implemented in two phases, the first from 2014-17 and the second from 2017-22.
Cairo University is a public university in Giza, Egypt and was founded in 1908. It is the second oldest institution of higher education in Egypt. The University currently enrolls approximately 155,000 students in 22 faculties. Cairo University is ranked usually in the top universities in Egypt. It is also ranked as one of the top universities in Africa.
The American University in Cairo
The American University in Cairo is an independent, nonprofit, English language, liberal arts university located in Cairo, Egypt. The university offers American-styled learning programs at the undergraduate, graduate and professional levels, along with a continuing education program. The AUC student body represents over 100 countries.
Mansoura University was founded in 1972 in Mansoura city, Egypt. Mansoura University is located at the middle of the Nile Delta in Egypt. It is one of the biggest Egyptian universities and has contributed much to the cultural and scientific life in Mansoura and Egypt.
Alexandria University is a public research university in Alexandria, Egypt and was established in 1938. It was known as Farouk University until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 when its name was changed to the University of Alexandria. Faculties include:
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Arts
- Faculty of Commerce
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Science
Zagazig University is an Egyptian university in the city of Zagazig, the capital of Ash Sharqiyah governorate. The current president of the university is Ashraf El-Shihy.
The Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport
The Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport (AASTMT) is a regional university operated by the Arab League which is known for its programs in Marine Transportation, Business, and Engineering. The talented, diverse, and dedicated group of people who make AASTMT – be they students, researchers, professors, administrative or academic staff, graduates or parents – are most valued, appreciated and cherished.
The German University in Cairo
The German University in Cairo was founded in October 2003 by German and Egyptian delegates headed by the Egyptian President and the German Chancellor inaugurated the German University in Cairo in an unprecedented event in both educational and research fields. It is the first integrated German university outside Germany that has 3 Bologna cycles, namely B.Sc., M.Sc. and PhD offering 71 study programs (31 undergraduate and 40 postgraduate).
British University in Egypt
Since 1998, one ambition was set by the British and the Egyptian governments, that ambition was the formation of the British University in Egypt (BUE) that could produce graduates of UK standards to enter key sectors of the Egyptian economy.
Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology
The Modern Academy for Engineering and Technology was founded in Nov. 2000 following the approval of the Ministry of Higher Education. Students are graduated in four engineering specializations, namely:
- Computer Engineering and Information Technology,
- Electronics Engineering and Communication Technology,
- Manufacturing Engineering and Production Technology,
- Architectural Engineering and Building Technology.
Nile University is a not-for-profit institution of higher education. The University was established in Egypt in July 2006 by the Egyptian Foundation for Technological Education Development.
Al Azhar University
Al-Azhar is the oldest Islamic university world has ever known since the fourth century. The basis for the university systems and traditions, known then in the east and the west and in 1872 released the first statute of Al-Azhar draw how to get the global certificate and select materials, and this was the law in the process of organizing academic life.
Public schools of medicine
- Ain Shams University Faculty of Medicine
- Al-Azhar University
- Alexandria University Faculty of Medicine
- Assiut University Faculty of Medicine
- Aswan University Faculty of Medicine
- Benha University Faculty of Medicine
- Beni Suef University Faculty of Medicine
- Cairo University Faculty of Medicine
- Fayoum University Faculty of Medicine
- Helwan University Faculty of Medicine
- Kafrelsheikh University Faculty of Medicine
- Mansoura University Faculty of Medicine
- Menoufia University Faculty of Medicine
- Minia University Faculty of Medicine
- Port Said University Faculty of Medicine
- Sohag University Faculty of Medicine
- South Valley University Qena Faculty of Medicine
- Suez University Faculty of Medicine
- Suez Canal University Faculty of Medicine
- Tanta University Faculty of Medicine
- Zagazig University Faculty of Medicine
Private schools of medicine
- Misr University for Science and Technology Faculty of Medicine
- Newgiza University Faculty of Medicine
- October 6 University Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of medicine MTI University
Military schools of medicine
- Armed Forces College of Medicine
Public schools of dentistry
- Alexandria University Faculty of Dentistry
- Faculty of Dentistry Al-Azhar University – males (Cairo, Assiut)
- Faculty of Dentistry Al-Azhar University – females (Cairo)
- Faculty of Oral and Dental medicine, Cairo University
- Faculty of Oral and Dental medicine, Assuit University
Private schools of dentistry
- British University in Egypt Faculty of Dentistry
- Future University in Egypt Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine
- October 6 University (O6U) Faculty of Dentistry
- Delta University for Science and Technology Faculty of Dentistry
- Misr University for Science and Technology Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine
- Misr International University Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine
- Nahda University Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine